Natural disasters falls into the category of any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth. The harshness of a disaster is measured by the lives lost, economic loss, and the capability of the population to rebuild. Events that take place in unpopulated areas are not considered disasters. For example: if a flood occurred an uninhabited island, it wouldn’t be considered a disaster, but a flood occurring in a populated area is termed a natural disaster.

All natural disasters result in some kind of loss. Contingent upon the severity, lives can be lost in any number of disasters. Some deadly effects include: Falling buildings or trees, freezing to death, being washed away, or heat stroke. Some disasters cause more loss of life than others, depending on population density which advertantly affects the death count as well.

There is also loss of property, which affects people’s living situation, transportation, livelihood, and means to live. Fields soaked in salt water after tsunamis take years before any real crops can be seen. Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are more often non-repairable or take years to become inhabitable again. Personal items, memorabilia, vehicles, and documents are another loss after many natural disasters.

The natural disasters that affect individuals worldwide are inclined to become more intense as the years go on. The last few decades have been a witness to an up rise in frequency of earthquakes, mega storms, and heat waves. The heavier the population, the more lives are lost.